What it is

Menopause: What it is

The Menopause is the physiological event that corresponds in the woman at the end of menstruation and childbearing. In the menopause ends ovarian activity: the ovaries no longer produce follicles and estrogen (the main female hormone). The common use of the term instead only indicates a significant decrease of the fluids, which coincides with the period of the female climacteric.

This state causes a series of changes in the woman regarding trophic aspects, metabolic, sexual and psychological, with a series of manifestations (symptoms) that vary depending on the person and may be more or less marked, but not all are connectable to menopause in itself, since it affects other factors such as family and social context.

The word menopause comes from the greek “μήν” (Μηνός), month, and “παὒσις” termination.

Normally, the age at which you experience menopause, ie the end of the secretion of menstrual flow is between 45 and 50 years as the world average.

This master period, as extant, has not undergone significant changes over the course of time: in fact, even at the time of the Greeks and the Roman Empire age was around 45 years old.


Menopause: How does it manifest

The symptoms and clinical signs can be divided according to the time in which they occur, thus having immediate and deferred events:

Immediate simptomes

Besides the obvious alteration of the menstrual framework, (polymenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, and hypomenorrhea hypermenorrhea) at this stage are expressed in early psychological disorders, anxiety, irritability, nervousness and dysphoria.

Neurologically we see a person ages, resulting in decreased ability to concentrate and memory. In addition there is an increase of the weight of the person. Among the smaller events you can also show hives.

Hot flashes: Among the events to level vasomotor hot flashes are the most common. There are episodes of sudden changes in temperature, the woman starts to sweat and suddenly feel hot flashes, these episodes are found in 65-75% of cases, and in fact is one of the main symptoms. The duration of symptoms often persist for five years of menopause (although generally lasts 1-2 years). It is well documented the beneficial action of isoflavones and soy products on flushes.

Depression: Among the psychological factors the most important is depression (the calculated average is 50% of women), but the expression of the disorder varies depending on ethnicity; for example, it was shown that, compared to white women, African Americans suffer the most from this psychological condition.

Sleep disorders: Among the disorders related to the activity of nocturnal rest the most common ones are difficulty in falling asleep, in women more frequently we see a restless sleep, often happen to wake up during the night, and this was worse initially, the most serious complaint regarding sleep is the deprivation of it, insomnia.

Deferred events: After starting the cutaneous changes, the epidermis and dermis become thinner, in the latter case there is a decrease of collagen in women. These changes cause the various atrophy, affecting not only the genitourinary tract but also the skin in general, becoming less elastic and dehydrated.

Urological syndrome: As for vaginal atrophy, often this event is accompanied with cystitis and urethritis, it often leads to what is defined as the urological syndrome of menopause.

Menopause: Therapy

The period in which the woman lives in menopausal status includes a good part of his entire life, for if on the one hand the average life expectancy becomes ever greater, on the other hand the onset of menopause continues to be located at the same age. This implies an increasing expansion in recent years but also into the future of time in which the woman lives her life in the menopausal status.

Women who live in that state seeking a relief, a possible cure are only a very small part, estimated, from studies around 10%. The normal ranges treatment and aims to cure the symptoms, especially when they are too intrusive.

Flushing, wear layer in clothing, which in the case of sudden temperature swing can be removed easily; the administration of Cimicifuga racemosa (if for short periods) was tested, as well as the protein of soy and its derivatives.

Obesity, we need a change of life style, follow a more moderate diet.

Arthralgy, we recommend a treatment involving the person in physical activity (such as stretching or exercise bike)

Insomnia, do physical exercise, massage and avoid all forms of stress, such as drug therapy is useful to combat the sleep-related disorders 300 mg of micronized progesterone

Osteoporosis, literature has always stressed the importance of prevention of such harmful state, and therefore requires the cessation of negative vices like alcohol or cigarettes, exercise, but mostly a diet based on calcium and at the same time wealth is to be poor caffeine and sodium chloride.