Varicose veins: What it is
The Varicose veins are dilated veins that can be skin color, dark purple or blue color. Often they resemble the beads and are enlarged and tortuous, swell and are found on the skin surface.
Varicose veins are commonly located on the back of the calf or along the inside of the thighs. During pregnancy special varicose veins called hemorrhoids can form in the vagina or around the anus.
Are also known by the name of capillaries, telangiectasias are similar to varicose veins, but they are smaller. They are usually red or blue and are closer to the surface of the skin than varicose veins.
They may look like the branches or spider webs with their thin serrated lines. Generally they show up on the legs and face and can either cover the very limited skin area or can be very extensive.
Varicose veins: How does it manifest
The signs and symptoms of varicose veins include:
- Large veins visible on the skin,
- A slight swelling of the ankles and feet,
- Sore legs or ‘heavy’,
- Pain or leg cramps,
- Itching in the legs, especially at the bottom and ankles. This symptom is in some cases erroneously diagnosed as a symptom of dry skin.
- Discolored skin in the area around the varicose veins.
The capillaries instead are generally formed in the upper part of the body, including the face. classic signs are blue and red veins grouped like a spider web, which occur on the legs and face.
Consult your doctor if you have these signs and symptoms, as they may also be a sign of more severe cases and in certain disorders.
Varicose veins: Therapy
You need to talk to your doctor about what the best treatment options for their physical condition and their lifestyle, because not all cases of varicose veins are the same.
Here is a brief description of possible therapies:
Sclerotherapy: This is the most common treatment for both varicose veins that for the capillaries. The doctor injects an intravenous solution that brings the veins to swell, to be strong to each other and to become clogged. This stops the flow of blood and the vein turns into scar tissue. In a few weeks the vein should fade. It may be necessary that the same blood vessel to be treated more than once.
Laser surgery: are transmitted very strong flashes of light on mood, this results in a progressive weakening of the blood vessel that decrees the disappearance. Lasers are very direct and precise, if checked by an experienced doctor will only damage the area that was treated. The majority of skin types and skin tones can be treated safely with this approach.
Intravenous techniques (radiofrequency and laser): used to treat varicose veins of the legs that are located at a greater depth (saphenous veins), have replaced surgery for the vast majority of patients who have severe problems with varicose veins. This technique is not very invasive and can also be done on an outpatient: the doctor inserts into the vein very small tube called a catheter, once inside this emits a radiofrequency or laser energy that shrinks and closes the vein wall, while healthy veins that are located around that it treated restore the normal flow of blood. When this happens the symptoms of varicose veins improve.
Surgery is used mainly to treat extremely swollen varicose veins. The types of surgery for varicose veins include:
- Surgical ligation and stripping: With this treatment the veins that present problems are occluded and completely removed from the leg.
- Ambulatory phlebectomy: With this surgery a special light source indicates the location of the vein, small cuts are made in the skin and through the surgical hooks is extrapolated the vein of the leg.
- Endoscopic vascular surgery: This surgery uses a tiny camera to see inside the veins, then varicose veins are removed through small cuts.